Health Guide  /  Health Glossary  /  Sexual Health

Sexual Health

What is Sexual Health?

Sexual health is an important aspect of overall physical and mental well-being. It's important to work towards healthy sexual relationships that are free from coercion, discrimination, and violence. 


Sexual health also includes the ability to understand and manage personal sexual rights and responsibilities, as well as access to information, education, and services that support sexual health.


We like to think about Sexual Health in 4 dimensions:


1. Physical Health & Sexual Health

This includes genital health and reproductive health, as well as the absence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).


Genital Health

Genital health refers to the overall health of the genital area, including the vulva, vagina, penis, and testicles. It's important to maintain good genital health. You should try to prevent infections and other health problems by practicing safe sex. This includes avoiding sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. STIs and STDs can cause a range of symptoms and health problems, from discomfort and pain to infertility.


In addition to preventing STIs and STDs, maintaining good genital health can also help improve overall sexual function and pleasure. This includes maintaining healthy levels of lubrication, preventing irritation and discomfort, and keeping the genital area clean and free of infection.


Reproductive Health

Reproductive health is a broad term that refers to the overall health of the reproductive system, including the organs and processes involved in reproduction. This includes the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, testicles, prostate gland, and other sex organs. Good reproductive health is important because it affects mental health, fertility, the ability to have a healthy pregnancy, and many other aspects of life.


STIs and STDs

It's important to take care of your genital and reproductive health by practicing safe sex, using protection to prevent STIs and STDs, and getting regular check-ups and screenings to identify and treat any problems as early as possible. If you have any concerns about your genital or reproductive health, it's a good idea to speak with a healthcare professional for guidance and support.


2. Mental Health & Sexual Health

Sexual well-being is an important aspect of overall health and happiness. It includes feeling positive and comfortable about one's own sexuality, as well as having healthy relationships and communication with sexual partners.


Your sexual well-being can be improved by feeling positive, confident, and comfortable with your sexuality. It's also important to have healthy and respectful relationships with partners, as well as open communication about your thoughts and feelings for each other.


Self-Positive Sexuality

Sexual self-positivity means having a healthy and positive attitude towards sex and your own body. This means feeling confident and comfortable with your sexual desires, preferences, and boundaries, as well as being comfortable expressing yourself to others.


Healthy Relationships

A healthy relationship is based in open communication. You should talk openly and honestly with partners about sexual boundaries, desires, and concerns. It's important to respect the boundaries and preferences of others. 


Good communication is key to building trust and intimacy in any relationship, and it's especially important when it comes to exploring sexuality.


3. Social Health & Sexual Health

It's important to have control over your own sexual health and well-being. This includes feeling confident and empowered to make decisions about your sexual health, such as whether to have sex, what types of protection to use, and when to get tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or diseases (STDs). 


It also means feeling comfortable seeking out information and resources to make informed decisions about sexual health. You should seek support from friends, family, and others in society when making decisions about sexual health. There are many different types of support and resources available to get accurate and unbiased information about sexual health, as well as access to healthcare professionals and other resources to help address any concerns or problems.


4. Spiritual Health & Sexual Health

Sexual well-being also involves feeling a sense of connection to something larger than yourself. Finding meaning and purpose in life can help one gain confidence in themselves. 


Feeling connected to something larger than yourself can build a sense of belonging, purpose, and meaning in life, and feeling confident and comfortable with yourself can improve your sexual health. Your relationships, spirituality, work, personal values, and other aspects of life are based in connection to others, and feeling that one's life has value and purpose beyond one's own personal goals and desires is important for your overall well-being.


Related Terms

Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that mimic the effects of the male hormone testosterone. They are often used by bodybuilders and athletes to increase muscle mass, strength, and performance.

Andropause is the natural decline in testosterone levels that occurs in men as they age. It is a normal part of the aging process and is not considered to be a disease.

Androgen deficiency is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency in androgens. Symptoms of androgen deficiency may include decreased libido, fatigue, and muscle weakness.